Food adulteration

Modern analytical methods for the detection of food fraud

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Food adulteration

Food adulteration

Ever since the horsemeat scandal, the awareness of food adulteration and food fraud has heavily increased.

The varying prices and availability of food products from different origin provide opportunities for the incorrect declaration of food components, both from a quality and quantity point of view. For example, horsemeat may be labelled as beef. Such product adulterations can be detected highly specifically and quantified relatively by means of a real-time PCR (providing e.g. percentage values of the respective animal species in relation to the total quantity of meat).

In addition, the interest in animal speciation in meat products is based on religious requirements (halal and kosher). Religiously motivated inspections, particularly of pork in meat products or processed foods, do not include any technical threshold values. This means that purely qualitative and particularly sensitive tests are required especially for detecting the presence of pork. Real-time PCR is a method of choice. The effective sensitivity of applied real-time PCR tests is based on the existence of intact DNA, making sensitive detection in heavily processed foods like gelatine difficult.

However, not only meat products are being adulterated. Food fraud is widespread in fish and dairy products, too. Click one of the following categories to find out more about adulteration of different foods.

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Product portfolio

ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
EuroProxima Plus Cow’s Whey ELISA

EuroProxima Plus Cow’s Whey is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for the detection of cow’s rennet whey in whey from other species.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each).
5171WHEY
EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin Fast

EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin Fast is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening and quantitative analysis of lactoferrin in various matrices.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5091LFERF
EuroProxima Plus Bovine Rennet Whey

EuroProxima Plus Bovine Rennet Whey is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening of the presence of bovine rennet whey in bovine milk and in milk of other species and sources.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each).
5171BRW
EuroProxima Plus Cheese Fraud

EuroProxima Plus Cheese Fraud is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening of the presence of bovine milk in cheese of other species and sources.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each).
5171BKCC
EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin

EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening and quantitative analysis of lactoferrin in various matrices.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5091LFER
ELISA-TEK™ Cooked Meat Species Kit

Assay for the positive identification of species content (various) in cooked samples: ELISA-TEK™ Cooked Mixed Species Kit: customized (Art. No. 510601) ELISA-TEK™ Cooked Meat 3 Species Kit: beef, pork, poultry (Art. No. 510603) ELISA-TEK™ …

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96 determinations 5106**
ELISA-TEK™ Raw Meat Species Kit

Assay for the positive identification of species content (various) in raw samples: ELISA-TEK™ Raw Mixed Species Kit: customized (Art. No. 510501) ELISA-TEK™ Raw 3 Species Kit: cow, pig, poultry (Art. No. 510503) ELISA-TEK™ Raw 4 Species Kit: …

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96 determinations

5105**
RIDASCREEN® Risk Material 10/5

RIDASCREEN® Risk Material 10/5 is a sandwich enzyme immunoassay for the quantitative analysis of risk material (CNS) in / on raw meat, meat products and on contaminated surfaces. For the determination of risk material (CNS) in processed (heated) …

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each)
R6703
RIDASCREEN® Risk Material

RIDASCREEN® Risk Material is a sandwich enzyme immunoassay for the quantitative analysis of risk material (CNS) in processed (heated) meat and sausages. For the determination of risk material (CNS) in raw meat, meat products and on contaminated …

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each).
R6701
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ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
EZ PANGASIUS™ Pangasius Species Rapid Kit

Assay for the positive identification of species content (Pangasius) in a sample: EZ PANGASIUS™ Pangasius Species Rapid Kit (Art. No. 510EZP)

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10 tests per kit (test strips). 510EZP
RIDA®QUICK CIS

RIDA®QUICK CIS is an immunochromatographic test for the detection cow’s milk in milk or cheese of other species (sheep and goat).

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25 x reaction strips (one for each determination). R4303
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ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
TANBead Maelstrom™ 4800

The TANBead Maelstrom™ 4800 (Taiwan Advanced Nanotech) is a fully automated operating instrument for nucleic acid purification and isolation using magnetic beads and rods. The instrument uses the TANBead patented Maelstrom Spin Mixing Technology to …

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Up to 48 samples ZMAL48
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 3plex Rat/Mouse+IAAC

The SureFood® ANIMAL ID 3plex Rat/Mouse+IAAC is a real-time PCR kit for the direct, qualitative detection and differentiation of specific Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), Black rat (Rattus rattus) and House mouse (Mus musculus) DNA sequences.

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100 reactions S6127
SureFast® Mag PREP Food

The kit is intended to be used for isolation of animal and plant DNA from food and feed as well as bacterial DNA from bacterial culture enrichments with the TANBead® Maelstrom 8 Autostage or Maelstrom 4800. Standardization and harmonization of …

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96 preparations F1060
TANBead Maelstrom™ 8 Autostage

The TANBead Maelstrom™ 8 Autostage (Taiwan Advanced Nanotech) is a fully automated operating instrument for nucleic acid purification and isolation using magnetic beads and rods. The instrument uses the TANBead patented Maelstrom Spin Mixing …

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Up to 8 samples ZMAL8
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Bison/Water Buffalo/Kangaroo +IAAC

The SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Bison/Water Buffalo/Kangaroo+IAAC is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection and differentiation of specific bison (Bison spp.), water buffalo (Bubalus spp.) and kangaroo (Macropodidae) DNA sequences.

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100 reactions S6132
SureFood® Rice

The real-time PCR test detects DNA of a specific rice (Oryza sativa) qualitatively. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control (IAC).

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100 reactions S6103
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Turkey

The SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Turkey real-time PCR detects the relative turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) DNA amount to the total animal (amnions) DNA content in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a turkey …

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2 x 50 reactions S1015
SureFood® Apricot

The real-time PCR test detects DNA of apricot (Prunus armenica). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control (IAC).

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100 reactions Art. No.: S7007
SureFood® FISH ID Katsuwonus pelamis IAAC

The test detects skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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50 reactions S6314
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Camel/Horse/Donkey + IAAC

The test detects camel DNA of Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) and of Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus), horse DNA (Equus caballus) and donkey DNA (Equus asinus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection …

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100 reactions S6131
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 3plex Water Buffalo/Beef+IAAC

The test detects water buffalo (Bubalis arnee) and beef (Bos taurus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6130
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Poultry IAAC

The test detects poultry DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6125
SureFood ® ANIMAL ID 4plex Beef/Horse/Pork+IAAC

The test detects beef (Bos taurus), horse (Equus caballus) and pork (Sus scrofa) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6126
SureFood® FISH ID Salmo salar IAAC (R&D Version)

The SureFood® FISH ID Salmo salar IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) DNA sequence. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal …

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50 reactions S6306
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Horse IAAC

The test detects horse DNA (Equua caballus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6118
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Beef/Sheep/Goat+IAAC

The test detects beef (Bos taurus), sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra hircus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6121
SureFood® FISH ID Oncorhynchus mykiss IAAC

The test detects rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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50 reactions S6302
SureFood® FISH ID Gadus chalcogrammus IAAC

The test detects Alaska pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus or Theragra chalcogramma) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).

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50 reactions S6313
SureFood® FISH ID Merluccius merluccius IAAC

The test detects European hake (Merluccius merluccius) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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50 reactions S6311
SureFood® FISH ID Gadus morhua IAAC

The SureFood® FISH ID Gadus morhua IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) DNA sequence.

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50 reactions S6310
SureFood® FISH ID Melanogrammus aeglefinus IAAC

The test detects haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).

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50 reactions S6307
SureFood® FISH ID Oncorhynchus nerka IAAC

The SureFood® FISH ID Oncorhynchus nerka IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific red salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) DNA sequence. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an …

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50 reactions S6304
SureFood® FISH ID Merlangius merlangus IAAC

The SureFood® FISH ID Merlangius merlangus IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific whiting (Merlangius merlangus) DNA sequence.

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50 reactions S6312
SureFood® FISH ID Pollachius virens IAAC

The SureFood® FISH ID Pollachius virens IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific pollock / saithe (Pollachius virens) DNA sequence.

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50 reactions S6309
SureFood® FISH ID Gadus macrocephalus IAAC

The test detects pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).    

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50 reactions S6308
SureFood® FISH ID Oncorhynchus tshawyscha IAAC

The test detects chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawyscha) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).

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50 reactions S6301
SureFood® FISH ID Salmo trutta IAAC (R&D Version)

The SureFood® FISH ID Salmo trutta IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific trout (Salmo trutta) DNA sequence. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection …

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50 reactions S6305
SureFood® FISH ID Oncorhynchus gorbuscha IAAC

The SureFood® FISH ID Oncorhynchus gorbuscha IAAC (R&D Version) is a real-time PCR for the direct, qualitative detection of a specific humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) DNA sequence. Each reaction contains an internal amplification …

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50 reactions S6303
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Chicken IAAC

The test detects chicken (Gallus gallus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6115
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Beef IAAC

The test detects beef DNA (Bos taurus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6113
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Equus – Discontinued in 2021

The SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Equus real-time PCR detects the relative equine DNA amount to the total animal (amnions) DNA content in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of an equine specific gene (Equus …

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2x 50 reactions S1016
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Pork IAAC

The test detects pork DNA (Sus scrofa). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6114
SureFood® FISH ID 3plex Halibut IAAC

The test can be used for the differentiation of the White (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) and Black Halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) in fish products. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for …

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50 reactions S6201
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Rabbit IAAC

The test detects rabbit DNA (Lepus cuniculus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6120
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Pork SENS PLUS

The test detects pork DNA (Sus scrofa). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control.

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100 reactions S6017
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Horse/Donkey+IAAC

The test detects horse DNA (Equus caballus) and donkey DNA (Equus asinus) seperately. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6119
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Chicken

The SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Chicken real-time PCR detects the relative chicken (Gallus gallus) DNA amount to the total animal (amnions) DNA content in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a chicken specific …

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2 x 50 reactions. Thereof 50 reactions are used for the detection of the reference gene. S1014
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Pork

The test detects the relative pork DNA amount (Sus scrofa) to the total animal DNA content (amnions) in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a pork specific gene (Sus detection gene) and one for the detection …

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2 x 50 reactions S1011
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Turkey IAAC

The test detects turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6116
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Beef

The test detects the relative beef DNA amount (Bos taurus) to the total animal DNA content (amnions) in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a beef specific gene (Beef detection gene) and one for the …

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2 x 50 reactions S1010
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Pork/Chicken/Turkey+IAAC

The test detects pork (Sus scrofa), chicken (Gallus gallus) and turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6123
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Cat/Dog+IAAC

The test detects cat (Felis catus) DNA and dog (Canis lupus familiaris) DNA seperately. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC). For DNA-preparation of raw material the use of …

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100 reactions S6112
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